Catalina de Ribera y Hurtado de Mendoza

Illustrious sevillana women.

Catalina de Ribera and Hurtado de Mendoza.

The date of her birth is not known, but the date of her death: on 13 January 1505 Catalina de Ribera died. Her body has not rested in much peace, as it was placed in a sepulchre in the Monastery of Santa María de las Cuevas, but centuries later her remains were transferred to the Illustrious Sevillian Pantheon, and when the Monastery was restored, new in the place he chose to rest until eternity.

This noble lady, of very rich family and of the first of the nobility, had a great eye for business and administered them together with her husband; and when she died and became a widow, she managed to multiply his fortune. They had large estates, rents granted by the kings and due to their position, booties of war, trade by sea, and above all they had a monopoly on almonds and soap, with fame throughout Europe, probably due to the quality of the oil with which it was made.

The marriage formed by Catalina de Ribera and her husband Pedro Enríquez is of great importance in the introduction of the Renaissance in Seville. They bought some land next to the parish of San Esteban where they built Casa Pilatos, the family residence. And a few years before the Pineda family had sold their palace next to San Juan de la Palma, to pay the ransom for his son, held captive in the Axarquía Malagueña, still under Muslim rule. This house will be rebuilt and is what we know today as Las Dueñas Palace. So, there were two palaces to avoid disputes between the two children of the marriage, and that is how the hand of Catalina de Ribera is in the two most important palaces of Seville after the Alcazar.

There is an eagerness to give luster to the name and the family through art and architecture and charity works. Catalina de Ribera, together with her son Fadrique, founded the Hospital of the Five Wounds to care for poor women. The primitive was in Santiago street, but they bought the land in front of the Macarena door to build the magnificent Renaissance building that we know today, the most modern hospital of its time, the largest civil building in Spain until the Escorial is built, and that was used as a hospital for almost 500 years, how efficiently it was built. In fact, Catalina hardly saw how the construction began, but left instructions for its construction, which was carried out by the teacher Hernán Ruiz.

If you want to know more in depth these illustrious Sevillian women, come Saturday September 12 at 20.00 to our route "Hidden Jewels", where we will tell you more about the Hospital of the Five Wounds, of which she was founder. Here you have all the information. Do not think about it anymore and ... come!